By Vinay Joy, Luv Mohan Saggi

The Trade Unions Act, 1926 (Act) provides for the constitution and registration of trade unions in India. The Act defines a trade union as “any combinations, whether temporary or permanent, formed primarily for the purpose of regulating the relations between workmen and employers or between workmen and workmen, or between employers and employers, or for imposing restrictive condition on the conduct of any trade or business, and includes any federation or two or more trade unions (Section 2, Trade
Union Act, 1926).”

Recognition of trade unions
Recognition is the process through which an employer agrees to negotiate with representatives of a trade union on various aspects including but not limited to working conditions, compensation, etc., on behalf of particular group of workers.