Romania: Law 84/2014 on employee inventions

In Romania, a new law on employee inventions entered into force on 29 June 2014 (Law 83/2014). This new law abrogates former provisions on employee inventions set forth inter alia by the country’s Patent Law (Law 64/1991).

The scope of Law 83/2014 is inventions created by employees of legal entities that are subject to either private or public law (article 1 [1] [a] [b] of Law 83/2014).

Compared with former provisions, the new law, inter alia: provides the express definition of the term ‘employee’ — ‘any natural person who, based on an individual employment agreement, renders a remunerated activity for a person of public or private law under the authority of such person’ (article 2 [1] [a] of the Law 83/2014]; expressly specifies that it applies only to those inventions subject to protection by patent or utility model; and defines two categories of employee inventions…

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