Is browsing unlicensed copyright material on a website copyright infringement?
Article 2(a) of the Copyright Directive requires member states to provide authors with the exclusive right to authorise or prohibit direct or indirect, temporary or permanent reproduction of their works by any means and in any form, in whole or in part. There is an exception in Article 5(1) of the directive. Article 5(1) provides an exemption for temporary acts of reproduction that are transient or incidental and an integral and essential part of a technological process and whose sole purpose is to enable (a) a transmission in a network between third parties by an intermediary or (b) a lawful use of a work or other subject matter to be made and that have no independent economic significance.
Meltwater provides a media monitoring service, by which its customers receive regular reports highlighting newspaper articles that correlate to user-specified search terms. The reports, named Meltwater News, comprise headlines that contain links to the respective articles; the opening words of the articles; and a brief extract showing the context in which the search terms appear.
The Newspaper Licensing Agency (NLA) successfully applied to the High Court for a ruling that the recipients of the reports were infringing copyright in the newspaper articles from which the abstracts were taken. The Court of Appeal then upheld the decision, finding that copyright can subsist in newspaper headlines, as they are capable of being independent literary works. It ruled that even a short newspaper extract may amount to a substantial part of the article and thus be capable of constituting copyright infringement…
If you are registered and logged in to the site, click on the link below to read the rest of the Walker Morris briefing. If not, please register or sign in with your details below.
Sign in or Register to continue reading this article
It's quick, easy and free!
It takes just 5 minutes to register. Answer a few simple questions and once completed you’ll have instant access.Register now
Why register to The Lawyer
In-depth, expert analysis into the stories behind the headlines from our leading team of journalists.
Identify the major players and business opportunities within a particular region through our series of free, special reports.
Receive your pick of The Lawyer's daily and weekly email newsletters, tailored by practice area, region and job function.
More relevant to you
To continue providing the best analysis, insight and news across the legal market we are collecting some information about who you are, what you do and where you work to improve The Lawyer and make it more relevant to you.
News from Walker Morris
News from The Lawyer
Briefings from Walker Morris
When considered practically, the logical approach would be that a property is worth however much people are prepared to pay for it.
The degree and object of annexation were the key principles for the High Court to consider in the recent case of Lictor Anstalt v Mir Steel UK Ltd and Libala Ltd.
Analysis from The Lawyer
Which firms are cutting it in this era of slimline rosters, and who are the GC new brooms making clean sweeps? The Lawyer can reveal all
The law school war shows no signs of ending. But we have, perhaps, reached the end of the beginning.