EPA updates ‘All Appropriate Inquiries’ environmental diligence standard
On 30 December 2013, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) amended its ‘All Appropriate Inquiries’ rule, which sets out the standard for environmental due diligence in commercial and industrial property transactions in order to qualify for certain defences to liability under the federal ‘Superfund’ law. The amended rule endorses ASTM standard E1527-13, which incorporates new requirements to report on vapour migration, review agency records and search databases and to distinguish controlled from historical conditions.
Responding to objections that allowing a prior, less time-consuming and costly standard to remain in effect would cause confusion, EPA also announced that in the near future it will propose deleting the prior standard from the rule. Meanwhile, many purchasers and lenders are likely to require their sellers and borrowers to switch to the new standard in light of EPA’s announced intent…
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Connecticut may join a number of states that currently require merchants to provide the remaining cash balances on gift cards to consumers upon request.
English law on oral contracts has remained essentially unchanged for hundreds of years. Oral contracts most certainly exist, and they are certainly enforceable.