Comparison on the rights, limitations and procedures related to public gatherings and demonstrations across Europe
On a European level, fundamental rights are laid down in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union and the European Convention on Human Rights (Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, or ECHR). The right to freedom of expression is laid down in Art. 10 ECHR and Art. 11 of the charter. The right to freedom of assembly is guaranteed by Art. 11 ECHR and Art. 12 of the charter.
The early treaties of the European Communities did not contain any provisions on fundamental or human rights. As a result of the European Convention, the charter was proclaimed by the European Parliament, the Council of the European Union and the European Commission in 2000. At this stage, the charter was not legally binding and only laid down the member states’ common understanding of fundamental rights. With the Treaty of Lisbon of 1 December 2009, however, the charter became part of EU primary law. According to Art. 51 (1) of the charter, the provisions of the charter are addressed to the institutions of the EU, in the first place. They are only addressed to the member states when they are implementing union law.
The ECHR was elaborated by the Council of Europe in 1949/1950 and has been ratified by all member states of the European Council. The rights laid down in the ECHR can be enforced by the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR)…
If you are registered and logged in to the site, click on the link below to read the rest of the DLA Piper briefing. If not, please register or sign in with your details below.
News from DLA Piper
News from The Lawyer
Briefings from DLA Piper
DLA Piper’s privacy experts have compiled a list of dos and don’ts for addressing privacy compliance in M&A transactions.
On 22 July 2014, a new law amending the Law on Data Protection and Law on Information was signed off by the Russian president and thus was officially adopted.
Analysis from The Lawyer
Shearman & Sterling is making its presence felt in the City, squaring up to magic circle firms and looking to muscle in on key relationships. Private equity house Bridgepoint is one outfit that has had its head turned by the US firm.
A new breed of lawyer is smoothing the path for companies entering emerging or unstable jurisdictions