An overview of Hong Kong’s Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance: key questions for businesses

Hong Kong is one of Asia’s earliest adopters of comprehensive data privacy regulation. The Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance (PDPO) came into force in 1996.

Enforcement activity had been marginal for a number of years, but recent data privacy incidents, including a direct marketing scandal that became front-page news in the summer of 2010, led to an overhaul of the regulatory regime in 2012 and a subsequent stepping up of enforcement action. Reforms brought into force in 2013 have made Hong Kong’s regulation of direct marketing among the most stringent in the world.

Hong Kong’s privacy commissioner for personal data is now very active and regularly publishes official guidance on a wide range of topics…

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