4 August 1997

The Lawyer

  • 'They may pay more but they make you work for it'

    7-Aug-1997

    Robert Lindsay investigates whether there really are culture differences between US and UK law firms - or is the "kick ass" ethos of US firms simply a myth?One day last January, Simmons & Simmons chief executive Alun Morris walked into a memorable meeting of the banking department. His task was to bolster morale after news of the departure from the team of five lawyers, two of them to US firms that were doubling their pay."They may pay more, but they make you ...

  • A matter of life insurance

    4-Aug-1997

    Complex aspects of insurance law are set to tax the Law Lords. They have given leave for an appeal in the case of Fuji Finance v Aetna Life Insurance & ors. The case centres on a policy taken out by Fuji in 1986 with Aetna's predecessors, Tyndall Assurance, covering the life of Fuji's attorney, a Mr Tait. Fuji paid £50,000 for £1m cover but claims the policy was altered in 1991. It is seeking damages for breach of contract. One of the questions ...

  • A perfect match

    7-Aug-1997

    Graeme Smith offers advice on tracking down and retaining the ideal agent. Graeme Smith is a partner in the commercial litigation department at Pannone & Partners, Manchester.Do you recognise the following scenario? You have spent several months working hard on a case and your client is satisfied with the way things are progressing. You are about to deliver a large bill. There is a minor hearing on the case in the Manningham District Registry. You have instructed local agents ...

  • Advocates of change

    7-Aug-1997

    Solicitor advocates have many advantages over barristers, discovers Leo Schulz. Leo Schulz is a freelance journalist.One area of agency work expected to grow is that of solicitor advocates. This year, for the first time, two solicitors were created Queen's Counsel. But in practice, solicitors acting as agents have made surprisingly little progress as advocates in the higher courts.Using a solicitor advocate has several advantages over briefing a barrister, ...

  • Allens Arthur Robinson shuts down London office as it focuses attention on Australasia

    7-Aug-1997

    Australian firm Allens Arthur Robinson is closing down its London office at the same time as announcing a link-up with a Thailand law firm.The London office, which is a joint venture between Australian practice Allen Allen Hemsley and Arthur Robinson Heddwicke, closed its doors to new clients from 1 July but the office will remain open for a short time to look after existing matters.Partner Duncan Walls, who has headed the office for 15 months, will leave the ...

  • Baker resigns amid 'dirty tricks' allegations

    7-Aug-1997

    SIMON Baker, the man charged with masterminding Phillip Sycamore's presidential election campaign, has resigned from the Law Society after apparently helping to plot a 'dirty tricks' campaign against political rival Martin Mears.Baker's resignation follows the recent leaking of the minutes of a campaign meeting attended by Sycamore in February which were drawn up by Baker.The minutes, whose accuracy is contested by Sycamore, report that the ...

  • Booth to act in EOC case

    7-Aug-1997

    Cherie Booth QC will this week argue before the European Court of Justice that a lesbian rail employee was discriminated against when her partner was refused a concessionary travel pass.Booth, instructed by Sheridans, will argue that South West trains breached EU law in refusing employee Lisa Grant the pass. If she had been living with or was married to a man she would have got a permit.Sheridans employment partner Ruth Harvey said the case would break new ground ...

  • Budget receives mixed review from profession

    7-Aug-1997

    Lawyers have responded to the budget with a mixture of relief and suspicion.

  • Cases pending in the QBD

    7-Aug-1997

    Cases now pending in the Queens Bench Division jury list include: Gladding v Channel 4 TV Corporation & anor (not before 4 July); Howell v Birmingham Post and Mail & anor (not before 4 July); McPhelemy v Times Newspapers (not before 7 July); Royal Bank of Scotland v Amin & anor (not before 21 July); Katz v Virgin Radio (not before 6 October).

  • Cherie Booth QC takes top honour in front of 600 at Lawyer/Hifal awards

    4-Aug-1997

    More than 600 lawyers toasted the winners of the third annual Lawyer/Hifal awards at London's Park Lane Hilton on Friday night.The sell-out event, which saw Cherie Booth QC scoop the prestigious Legal Personality of the Year award, attracted the great, the good and the glamourous of the legal world.A 52-member panel made up of several legal luminaries, including Legal Aid Board chairman Sir Tim Chessells, Law Society president Tony Girling and Goldman Sachs ...

  • Chicago's McDermotts takes over Moscow-based US firm

    4-Aug-1997

    Chicago-based firm McDermott Will & Emery has opened a branch in Moscow, taking over two-partner existing US practice Rothstein & Shaw, based in the Russian capital, in the process.The new office, which is the firm's third branch in Eastern Europe, will be headed by partners Daniel Rothstein and Britt Shaw, whose four-lawyer firm, Rothstein & Shaw, will continue under ...

  • City firm installs disaster safety net

    7-Aug-1997

    BIDDLE & Co goes live this week with a new IT infrastructure designed to withstand terrorist attacks, fires, bombs and other disasters.The City firm intends to test-drive the new system among its secretaries before training lawyers to use it.The system is based on DEC Alpha hardware supplied by Resolution Systems, and uses Microsoft Windows NT and an SQLServer database. Biddle & Co will also use the PC Docs document management system.

  • City group aims to set up foreign forum

    7-Aug-1997

    CITY lawyers have launched an initiative to establish a forum for foreign lawyers in a bid to make the City a more attractive base for solicitors from overseas.The City of London Law Society is behind the initiative and reports an enthusiastic response from about 80 foreign lawyers who attended a symposium organised by the society last month. It has now sent out questionnaires to foreign lawyers practising in London asking them if they want to join a regular forum.

  • Clerk's retirement signals new era

    7-Aug-1997

    Chris Fogarty reportsWilberforce Chambers is to follow the growing trend of appointing a chambers director when it loses its senior clerk next year. The impending retirement of Wilberforce Chambers' senior clerk Roy Beazley after nearly 40 years in the job has seen the prominent commercial chancery set radically revamp its management structure.Beazley, who joined the fledgling set of six barristers as a junior clerk in 1960, will retire ...

  • Committee of British Indian Law Association announced

    4-Aug-1997

  • Coopers' barrister shies away from Tite & Lewis

    7-Aug-1997

    A second senior Coopers & Lybrand lawyer has left the accountancy firm rather than joining its hived-off legal practice Tite & Lewis.Barrister Jonathan Turner, who was head of intellectual property and IT at Coopers for two years, is to join barristers chambers 4 Field Court.According to Turner, he failed to "reach a satisfactory agreement" with Tite & Lewis over his role in the new firm.But this is disputed by Tite & Lewis, which claims it was never ...

  • Couderts forges links with Hungarian firm

    7-Aug-1997

    US firm Coudert Brothers has announced a formal association with Hungary's largest law firm, Nagy es Trocsanyi .Coudert Brothers partner Clyde Rankin, who is responsible for the practice's European offices, said the affiliation would be the largest link-up of its kind in Hungary and would help exploit huge investment opportunities in the country.Rankin said his firm would provide international commercial know-how while the Hungarian practice would contribute ...

  • County Court clears Makin

    4-Aug-1997

    High-profile Liverpool solicitor Rex Makin has been cleared of accusations of professional negligence in the case of a couple whose son died at the Hillsborough disaster.Judge Previte, sitting at Central London County Court, said Makin had been abusive to the couple, but found their claims "exaggerated".The case centred around David and Maureen Church, whose son Gary was the first of the Hillsborough victims to be buried. They approached Makin when a picture ...

  • Court ruling throws up loophole in Tupe

    4-Aug-1997

    Chris Fogarty reportsContractors may be able to avoid Tupe - Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment) Regulations 1981 - regulations by refusing to employ a previous contractor's work force following a landmark Court of Appeal ruling.Charles Russell partner David Green, who advised KLM ERA Helicopters in the case Betts & Others v Brintel and KLM ERA ...

  • Cream of the crop

    4-Aug-1997

    Congratulations to all the winners of the 1997 Lawyer/Hifal awards. This year's awards were a major success and we want to thank all those who participated. We also want to extend our gratitude to the 52 judges who took on the difficult task of choosing the successful entrants, and to all our readers who voted for the Legal Personality of the Year.The awards are now an established part of the legal calender and we hope that lawyers everywhere are already preparing ...

  • Disciplinary tribunals

    7-Aug-1997

    John Patrick Beirne, 41, admitted 1990, practising at material time as Mulrey Beirne & Co, Birmingham, struck off and ordered to pay £4,594 costs. Allegations substantiated he wrongly drew client account money and used it for his own purposes, misappropriated client funds, failed to account for funds handled by him in his capacity as a solicitor and failed to reply to correspondence from the Solicitors Complaints Bureau. Tribunal told Law ...

  • Double Kwok litigation

    4-Aug-1997

    A restaurant owner living in a £500,000 flat is at the centre of a bizarre case pending in the High Court. Holland Kwok, owner of restaurant chain The Good Earth, and Angela Kwok, are being sued for £100,000 over flooding of a flat, which it is claimed was caused by them flushing invoices, carbons, orders, and receipts from the restaurants down the lavatories.

  • European Court. Court in a political conundrum

    4-Aug-1997

    The recent decision by the High Court in the Perkins case on homosexuals in the armed forces (13 March) provoked some indignant responses. Why should the European Court of Justice rule on such a case and what has this to do with the free movement of goods, services, labour and capital?The European Court of Justice may yet determine that such cases fall outside Community law. However, the decision to refer questions to Luxembourg highlights once more that the European Union ...

  • Euthanasia. When and where is it right to die?

    4-Aug-1997

    In the early hours of 25 May 1995, Australia's Northern Territory passed the Rights of the Terminally Ill Act 1996 (NT), thus becoming the first jurisdiction in the world to permit a doctor to end the life of a terminally ill patient at the patient's request. The Act came into force on 1 July 1996.On Sunday 22 September 1996, Bob Dent, terminally ill with prostate cancer, looked at the screen of a laptop computer placed by his bedside in Darwin. It asked whether ...

  • Facts for the future

    7-Aug-1997

    This year's The Lawyer/Coopers & Lybrand survey reveals an improvement in fortunes. Alistair Rose and Denise Catterall are partners at Coopers & Lybrand and are members of the firm's Partnerships Group.In recent years the The Lawyer/Coopers & Lybrand surveys have highlighted the speed of change facing UK law firms, focusing in particular on financial management.We have consistently argued that firms which address key financial management issues ...

  • FDA must be consulted

    7-Aug-1997

    Write to: The Editor, The Lawyer, 50 Poland Street, London W1V 4AX, Fax 0171-734 0534 I welcome the call by the Director of Public Prosecutions for the FDA and management to work together in the CPS (interview with Dame Barbara Mills QC, The Lawyer, 1 July).The FDA has always sought a responsibly funded and organised CPS which can provide both a proper service to the public and career opportunities for our members. However, ...

  • Firms flock to Tyneside boom

    4-Aug-1997

    Eversheds is in merger talks with 26-partner Newcastle firm Wilkinson Maughan, as the northern city faces a sudden influx of national firms.It is understood that both Dibb Lupton Alsop and Garretts are also looking to move into the city - in Dibb's case, by taking over an existing firm. Davies Arnold Cooper and Russell Jones & Walker have both recently opened new offices in Newcastle.

  • Flood of cases for review commission

    4-Aug-1997

    The newly launched Criminal Cases Review Commission had received 53 applications to review suspected miscarriages of justice, days before it officially opened last week.The commission, a non-departmental body established to investigate suspected miscarriages of criminal justice, already has to review 180 cases which have transferred from the Home Office.A spokesman for the commission was confident that, despite the latest influx, the newly established body could ...

  • Flotations

    7-Aug-1997

    Dibb Lupton Alsop advised media communications specialist CIA Group on its £17m placing and open offer of shares on the London Stock Exchange to fund in part the acquisition of two Scandinavian media specialists. Allen & Overy acted for HSBC James Capel

  • Flotations

    7-Aug-1997

    Skadden Arps Slate Meagher & Flom and Hong Kong firm Woo Kwan Lee & Co advised the former Chinese-owned Jiangxi Copper Company on its HK$1.5bn dual flotation on the Hong Kong and London Stock Exchange. Allen & Overy advised Merrill Lynch

  • Four-day house buying promise from Marsons

    4-Aug-1997

    A radical all-in-one property package, which could cut thousands of solicitors out of the conveyancing process, is to be launched this year by Marsons solicitors and insurance giant First American.Brian Marson, senior partner of London firm Marsons, said under his plan, for which a launch date had yet to be fixed, sellers will pay a fee to an agent to spend five days surveying and valuing the property, and setting up a mortgage for any potential buyer.Solicitors ...

  • FSP swallows up Brain & Brain

    7-Aug-1997

    The long-established Reading firm Brain & Brain is to be taken over by Field Seymour Parkes, also of Reading.The five Brain & Brain partners will be employed at FSP as consultants and assistants, with the expanded firm using the FSP name.Prior to the merger, FSP had 27 fee earners, of whom eight are partners, engaged in commercial and private client work.Under the leadership of James Walker, Brain & Brain built up a reputation of being at the cutting ...

  • Garretts lures Dutch lawyer

    4-Aug-1997

    Garretts has recruited another lawyer to its Leeds office. Dutch-born Robin Koolhoven leaves recently merged Addleshaw Booth & Co to strengthen the litigation team in Leeds.Koolhoven plans to take full advantage of his Dutch links by developing a cross-border enforcement service for UK companies with Dutch interests and vice versa.

  • Girling moves on ABA barriers

    7-Aug-1997

    Law Society president Tony Girling has invited the American Bar Association to visit the UK to assess the quality of legal education here in a bid to end the deadlock over the requalification rights for English lawyers in New York.Girling extended the invitation to the ABA committee on legal education and admissions last month during his visit to New York to attend the International Bar Association's 50th anniversary celebrations.During his visit he met ...

  • Give a damn and vote

    7-Aug-1997

    I know other solicitors will be equally outraged to find that the Sycamore Support Group had considered "manipulating" council meetings to control the debate of bad news issues.It matters not that this was not adopted as Sycamore's tactics to defeat the then Mears/ Sayer election ticket. What does matter is that the group was even prepared to discuss misleading the profession. When will these people learn that their job is to represent the profession, ...

  • Global plans for legal web site

    7-Aug-1997

    Elizabeth Davidson reportsAN ambitious plan to create a web site which will signpost every piece of legal information ever put on the Internet worldwide, has been hatched in Manchester.Business Legal Support, which provides training for lawyers and designs web sites, launched its World of Law site at the end of June. It aims to set up a library service facility which would point people in the direction of legal information around the world.

  • Hickman & Rose updates case management system

    7-Aug-1997

    LONDON firm Hickman & Rose has installed the latest DPS case management system.Every fee earner at the firm, which recently expanded its premises, now has access to version 8 of DPS for Windows. It replaces version 4 of the system, used by the practice for the past six years.The firm's manager, Graham Day, said the new system had improved password security and allowed different people to access different parts of the programme. A ...

  • Human rights. Where fear is a way of legal life

    4-Aug-1997

    Imagine this: a crowd of people, smiling faces, all supporters of your cause, each one eager to talk to you. But a nagging doubt remains at the back of your mind: "What if somebody here wants to kill me?"This is just another meeting for Erin Keskin, a Turkish human rights lawyer. Her fears are understandable. She has had her car machine-gunned, spent six months in prison for writing a letter to the Belgian parliament, and has another prison sentence hanging over her pending ...

  • Ian Brierley on the judicious use of the remedy of subrogation.

    4-Aug-1997

    Ian Brierley is a senior property litigation solicitor at Clifford ChanceWhere A, intending to lend money on a secure basis, advances money to the borrower, B, which is applied to discharge the existing charge of C, then if A does not in fact obtain any valid security, A will be entitled to enforce C's charge to the extent that his money discharged ...

  • In brief: Advertising agency targets law practices

    4-Aug-1997

    A new London company claims to be the first advertising agency to cater specifically for law firms. Reputation, which provides advertising consultancy, concepts and production services for the legal profession, was founded by former Stephens Innocent solicitor Renagh Christopher. She claimed lawyers had only recently considered advertising to win clients. "Instinctively, they do not want to do a Persil or a Rowntrees, or be seen to be offering 'miracle solutions'. Therefore, ...

  • In brief: Ashursts loses two senior administrators

    7-Aug-1997

    Ashurst Morris Crisp's backroom departments have lost two, and possibly three, senior managers since Ian Nisse's appointment as managing partner in May. The firm is still looking for a head of information technology, to replace David Lumsden, who left in May, while Sally James, head of personnel, is also to leave the practice. It is understood that Duncan Price, head of finance, may also be planning ...

  • In brief: Birmingham lawyer joins European elite

    4-Aug-1997

    A German lawyer practising in Birmingham has become one of only a handful of Europeans to pass the 1996 examination to become dually qualified as an English solicitor and Rechtsanwaltin. Cornelia Ingelfinger (left), who works on Wragge & Co's German desk, joined the firm in 1994 from a practice in Stuttgart. She spent a year studying for four papers in the Qualified Lawyers Transfer Test.

  • In brief: LAB ploughs ahead with Green Form pilot

    7-Aug-1997

    The Legal Aid Board is to "go ahead as planned" with the launch of its green form block contract pilot on 1 August even if the Law Society boycott continues, according to policy adviser Alison McGarrity. McGarrity said it was "unlikely" the LAB would "move further" on its current proposals on payment for the administrative costs, one of the remaining concerns of participating firms. In a last minute attempt to persuade firms to take part, the LAB last week conceded on the issue of disbursements,

  • In brief: Nelsons woos partner from Sale firm

    7-Aug-1997

    Alexander Harris partner Edward Myers, who headed the Sale firm's personal injury department, has moved to the Nottingham practice Nelsons. Myers will join Nelsons as a partner in its personal injury department and head their mental health unit. A member of the Law Society personal injury panel, Myers is also deputy editor of the Journal of Personal Injury Litigation.

  • In brief: Pinsents' Fitton wins rights of audience

    4-Aug-1997

    A solicitor at Pinsent Curtis' Birmingham office has attained higher court rights of audience. Chris Fitton, a professional indemnity lawyer specialising in financial services, joins a group of around 400 lawyers in the country with the qualification. Fitton, who becomes an associate at the firm on 1 May, joined Pinsents in 1994. A former barrister, he was admitted as a solicitor the following year.

  • In brief: Pressure groups mass against fees hike

    4-Aug-1997

    Eight voluntary organisations have joined forces to campaign against the Government's recent court fees hike. In a letter to the Lord Chancellor, the group - which includes the County Court Advisers Group, Legal Action Group, the Public Law Project and the Law Centres Federation - called for further changes following a recent high-court ruling that Lord Mackay acted unlawfully in abolishing fee exemption and remission in county courts. The group have called on Lord Mackay to include ...

  • In brief: Recruitment drive bolsters Freshfields

    4-Aug-1997

    City firm Freshfields has elected 16 lawyers to its partnership. The appointments, which take effect from 1 May, raise its partnership count to 183. Six of the new partners are at the firm's London office. Other appointments are at its offices in Barcelona, Brussels, Paris, Bangkok, Beijing, Hanoi, Hong Kong and Singapore.

  • In brief: Rush for places at Property Centre debate

    4-Aug-1997

    Anthony Bogan and Leslie Dubow's conference to discuss the establishment of Solicitors Property Centres looks likely to be over subscribed. Around 250 solicitors are expected to attend a joint Surrey Law Society/Solicitors Property Group (SPG) conference in Dorking on 15 April, with the final places expected to have been snapped up over the weekend. Options for funding and establishing a Property Centre will be discussed with speakers including SPG executive officer Leslie Dubow ...

  • In brief: Solicitor lands safest Scottish Tory seat

    4-Aug-1997

    The Scottish Solicitor General, Paul Cullen, has been selected to stand as the Conservative prospective parliamentary candidate for Eastwood near Glasgow. The constituency - the safest Tory seat in Scotland - was left vacant when its sitting MP Allan Steward resigned following press reports about his health and private life. Cullen, 40, a relative newcomer to the political scene, was said to have been backed by a good majority when the Eastwood Conservative Association considered their ...

  • In brief: Sport and Law group links with Marathon

    4-Aug-1997

    The British Association for Sport and Law is holding its annual conference - this year called "The Problems of Sport Outside the Stadia" - in conjunction with the London Marathon, for the first time. The organisers claimed they were the first to tackle the legal issues surrounding sporting events which take place on public highways and waterways. Now in its fourth year, the association has grown to 300 members. They include solicitors, barristers and sports and business professionals.

  • In brief: Top spot for Linklaters on M&As

    7-Aug-1997

    Linklaters & Paines topped a list of legal advisers on cross border mergers and acquisitions in 1996, according to a survey by the International Financial Law Review. Freshfields came second in the publication's survey.

  • In brief: UK soon to adopt human rights law

    7-Aug-1997

    A white paper on the incorporation of the European Convention on Human Rights is imminent, the Lord Chancellor, Lord Irvine of Laird, revealed on Friday at a Bill of Rights Conference, sponsored by Bindman & Partners at University College London. Irvine told the delegates: "You will not have long to wait." Stressing the ultimate decision on the form of incorporation lay with parliament, he said: "What is critical is that the form of incorporation sits comfortably with our UK institutions." ...

  • In brief: Veale Wasbrough plans all-week service

    7-Aug-1997

    Bristol law firm Veale Wasbrough has launched a seven day a week residential conveyancing service. The service, called Convey Direct, will open for 12 hours from 8am on week days as well as from 10am to 4pm at the weekend. The phone-based system will be manned by 25 staff working on a shift basis. The firm will publish a "menu" of services, ranging from First Move, for first time home buyer, to Fast Move, for buyers or sellers in a hurry. New technology has been introduced to handle ...

  • IT guru shares her 'nuggets' of wisdom with legal profession

    4-Aug-1997

    Bibi Berki reportsAN IT consultant to law firms has launched a series of information packs aimed at answering questions about technology and computerisation.Delia Venables, the author of The Guide to the Internet for Lawyers, says her "nuggets" explain specific aspects of law office computing and offer advice for small-to-medium-sized practices.There are nine nuggets available in the series, ranging from WordPerfect versus ...

  • Jarvis & Bannister to split

    4-Aug-1997

    Holborn and City-based insurance litigation practice Jarvis & Bannister is splitting up.The firm's joint senior partner Bill Jarvis, fellow partner Robert Wilson and assistant Christopher Odell will be joining insurance litigation firm Hextall Erskine this week.Leading aviation litigation lawyer Tim Scorer, who leaves at the end of the month, is to join Dibb Lupton Alsop.It is understood that Scorer will be joined at Dibbs by Frere Cholmeley ...

  • Join the networking club

    7-Aug-1997

    Local and national agency networks are becoming popular, discovers Leo Schulz.One quick route to agency work is to join a network. There are several to choose from which offer a variety of services and attract a range of work.Conquest Legal Marketing was established in 1991 with the aim of cross-referencing conveyancing. Unfortunately, the property slump got in the way and conveyancing work disappeared just as the network was opening. In response, it devised ...

  • Judges clamp down on court appearances

    7-Aug-1997

    Barristers who make unnecessary court appearances on behalf of clients could face disciplinary action following calls by the Lord Chief Justice and the Master of the Rolls for a crackdown on over-representation of legally-aided clients.In what may be interpreted as a warning to the Bar not to milk the legal aid system, Lords Bingham and Woolf have asked the Bar Council to consider altering its code of conduct.The Bar Council's professional standards committee ...

  • Lambeth offloads 20 lawyers as it scraps its in-house team

    4-Aug-1997

  • Lanes splashes out on management system

    4-Aug-1997

    London firm Lane & Partners has spent £150,000 on a new case and practice management system.The 12-partner practice installed an Arista system from IT suppliers Axxia Systems after a beauty parade which included Miles 33 and Pilgrim.Director of finance Alastair Mitchell said the firm had used a Miles 33 system for the previous nine years, but had outgrown it."We knew we needed to move on to a client server platform which would ...

  • Law Soc seeks OFT fees probe

    7-Aug-1997

    The Law Society is to ask the Office of Fair Trading (OFT) to consider if the three law firms involved in Hambro Countrywide's in-house conveyancing service are acting in an anti-competitive manner by jointly offering a flat fee of £350.The society said it was not reporting Eversheds, Shoosmith & Harrison and Middlesex firm EDC Lord & Co to the OFT, but was seeking clarification ...

  • Lawyers ordered to take the bus to court

    4-Aug-1997

    Prosecutors have been forced to take public transport from their office to Kingston-upon-Thames courts.The CPS at Kingston and Richmond, which has its office at Tolworth Tower, Surbiton, has stopped paying prosecutors' car-parking expenses, so they must take a 15-30-minute bus ride to and from the court at Kingston-upon-Thames, which is a couple of miles away.A CPS lawyer said: "We originally thought the decision was an April Fool's Day joke. Lawyers ...

  • Laymen caught in crossfire

    4-Aug-1997

    As from 6 April, companies could no longer appoint actuaries and lawyers for the trustees of their pension funds. The Pensions Act requires the trustees themselves to take on this role in the name of independence.It also imposes a duty upon actuaries to report significant breaches in the administering of the funds to Opra, the new pensions regulator.But exactly what constitutes such a breach is unclear. Consequently, in an attempt to limit actuaries' liability, ...

  • LeBoeufs' global market presence attracts Goddards' corporate and securities partner

    4-Aug-1997

    Theodore Goddard corporate and securities law partner Charles Ashton has moved to the London office of the US firm LeBoeuf Lamb Greene & MacRae.Ashton, who had been working at Theodore Goddard for 11 years, is one of the latest of a string of UK lawyers to be headhunted by US practices in London.LeBouefs London managing partner James Johnson said: "Charles comes from a very broad corporate and companies finance background. "I think the international aspects of ...

  • Litigation Disciplinary Tribunals 08/04/97

    4-Aug-1997

    William Henry Edwards, admitted 1962, struck off July 1987, refused restoration to the role and ordered to pay £556 costs.Edwards struck off after allegations substantiated that he failed to submit accountants reports pursuant to rules, wrongly drew client money, failed to maintain account books correctly, used client money for personal purposes, drew client money when there were insufficient funds to meet drawings, used client ...

  • Litigation Personal Injury 08/04/97

    4-Aug-1997

    Randall v James Paget Hospital NHS Trust - QBD 24 February 1997Claimant: Sean Patrick Randall, six yearsIncident: Medical negligenceInjuries: Child suffered quadriplegic cerebral palsy as result of alleged negligent delivery. Contended child would have been born undamaged if delivered 20 minutes earlier by Caesarean section.Court told later stages of claimant's mother's pregnancy had been fraught with difficulties: she was ...

  • Litigation Personal Injury 8/7/97

    7-Aug-1997

    Morris v Arc Homes - CA 24 June 1997Incident: Accident at workAppeal issue: QuantumAppeal contentions: Plaintiff's appeal from judgment of Judge Previte QC, Plymouth County Court, 25 September 1996, awarding plaintiff damages of £10,934. Appellant was site agent for defendant and sustained the injury when driving a fork lift truck which toppled over on an adverse camber. The appellant was not trained in the use of the ...

  • Litigation Recent Decisions 08/04/97

    4-Aug-1997

    Negligence claim after wrong diagnosis of mental conditionSpargo v North Essex District Health Authority (1997)CA (Nourse LJ, Brooke LJ and Waller LJ) 13/3/97Summary: Plaintiff's belief that injury was attributable to a mis-diagnosis constituted actual knowledge for purposes of Limitation Act 1980. She was fixed with constructive knowledge although her solicitor had not taken all reasonable steps in time to obtain expert advice.

  • Litigation Recent Decisions 8/7/97

    7-Aug-1997

    Decisions are taken from Lawtel's legal database. LTL: Lawtel report; TLR: Times Law Reports; ILR: Independent Law Report Council appeals damages claim in snow accidentEmma Cross v Kirklees Metropolitan Council (1997)Court: CA (Evans LJ, Millett LJ and Sir Ralph Gibson) 27/6/9Summary: Scope of a highway authority's duty to clear snow and ice from roads and pavements.Defendant council's appeal against damages awarded ...

  • Litigation Writs 08/04/97

    4-Aug-1997

    A property development company which claims to have lost more than £100,000 after its selling agents took a secret profit and failed to pass on a higher bid is suing for compensation. Amalgamated Berkshire Developments has issued a High Court writ against Duncan Fletcher, of Sandon, Essex, and Ricketts Boreham Bliss, of Bow, London E3. The writ claims Amalgamated agreed to sell property in Bow, London, for £750,000, but was ...

  • Litigation Writs 8/7/97

    7-Aug-1997

    Leading pub owner Inntrepreneur Estates is taking one of its former landlords on in a fight to get back one of its establishments. The company is suing London-based Nightmaster for damages and possession of the Shipwrights Arms in Tooley Street, Bermondsey, where lewd goings-on are said to have taken place. The licence for the premises was revoked by magistrates on the basis that sexual activity at the pub including oral sex, mutual masturbation and fellatio rendered ...

  • Littletons wins charity race

    7-Aug-1997

    An embarrassed Littleton Chambers has yet again won the cup for the Fastest Legal Services Team - in the Wooden Spoon Society's (WSS) Relay Marathon held late last month.The commercial and civil law set is a little embarrassed because it has won the cup every year since it began sponsoring it five years ago.In recent years legal entries have dwindled and Littleton is searching for more chambers and law firms to take part.Each team has 11 runners ...

  • Manchester University falls foul of discrimination laws

    7-Aug-1997

    An Industrial Tribunal has unanimously ruled that Manchester University Law Faculty was guilty of racial discrimination in its treatment of one of its law lecturers.The Birmingham tribunal found that in six out of eight complaints the university - which helped draft the Race Relations Act - unlawfully discriminated against Dr Asif Qureshi.Professor Rodney Brazier, a co-respondent, was found in breach of the Race Relations Act in respect of four of the complaints.

  • Mark Lewis on extending the availability of security

    7-Aug-1997

    Mark Lewis is a partner at Allison & Humphreys.Imagine you run a foreign company, resident outside the EU, which is owed money by a company resident in the UK or, in this case, outside the EU.You apply in the English courts for an order to garnishee the debtor's bank account or, again in this case, a debt owed to your debtor. The garnishee resists this and asks you to provide security for costs.It may seem cheeky ...

  • McKennas aims for top spot in Polish insurance

    4-Aug-1997

    McKenna & Co's Warsaw office has begun targeting insurance work in a strategy which fits in with its planned merger with Cameron Markby Hewitt.It has signalled its intention of becoming the "leading insurance practice in Poland" by taking on one of the top local figures in the insurance sector, Beata Balas-Noszczyk.Balas-Noszczyk, who was previously with the Insurance Department at the Ministry of Finance, acted as the Polish representative on the Committee ...

  • MDPs and MNPs get Isle of Man approval

    7-Aug-1997

    THE ISLE of Man Law Society has voted to allow multi-disciplinary and multi- national partnerships on the island.A special working party has now been set up by the society to examine the best way of introducing MDP and MNP laws after proposals to use them were voted through at a special meeting of the council.At present only a handful of international law firms have set up shop on the island and there are only 40 English qualified solicitors based there.

  • Morgan Lewis & Bockius brings English partner number four into London office

    4-Aug-1997

    US firm Morgan Lewis & Bockius has continued with its "planned expansion in London" by recruiting its first commercial property partner, Step- hen Turner, who has left London firm Lawrence Graham where he was a partner.Turner, who also works on environmental matters, joins the firm as an an international partner. He will be the fourth English partner at the firm's London office, ...

  • New York practice loses derivatives head to rival

    7-Aug-1997

    Cadwalader Wickersham & Taft - the New York firm which has just set up a London derivatives practice - has lost the head of its US derivatives practice to Shearman & Sterling.Holland West, who led the derivatives and asset management practices at Cadwaladers for four years, has put his move down to the fact he wanted the back-up of a larger firm with a more comprehensive international ...

  • Official fears for Law Soc under Labour

    4-Aug-1997

    A top Law Society official has warned that its regulatory role will be threatened under a Labour government unless it keeps public confidence.Writing in Legal Action, the monthly journal of the Legal Action Group, John Randall, director of the professional standards and development directorate, highlighted three key areas of risk which could bring about greater outside control, unless the Law Society acts.They are complaints handling, multi-disciplinary partnerships ...

  • Ontario paralegals seek to avoid government regulation

    4-Aug-1997

    Paralegals in Ontario, Canada, have asked the state government to allow them to continue to practice unregulated for another five years while they develop guidelines for self-governance, in a bid to allay the fears of lawyers.Canadian paralegals carry out administrative or technical tasks within law firms and also set up in practice on their own to advise clients on matters such as immigration and land planning consent applications.Some Canadian lawyers are concerned ...

  • Party lawyers hit election trail

    4-Aug-1997

    Both the Society of Conservative Lawyers and the Society of Labour Lawyers will be taking to the streets in a bid to win votes by campaigning door to door, while the Liberal Democrat Lawyers' Association is busying itself briefing candidates on proposed changes to the legal system.James Bullock, secretary to the Society of Conservative Lawyers, said that members have been "sent back to work in the constituencies". He said the society has not even produced a booklet, ...

  • Pay showed up by figures

    4-Aug-1997

    Women trainees are paid an average of £779 less per annum than their male colleagues the Trainee Solicitors Group has discovered.A nationwide survey of 203 trainees and LPC students also found that, for every two men on the minimum salary, there were three women. And 50 per cent of those from ethnic minorities received the minimum salary compared to 26 per cent of trainees as a whole.More than a quarter of trainee solicitors (26.4 per cent) receive the ...

  • Permission before you publish

    7-Aug-1997

    Roger Pearson looks at a ruling which could stop newspapers publishing copyrighted pictures without getting prior consentA recent High Court ruling has posed a major threat to the practice of newspapers which use photographs without the consent of the copyright holders in anticipation of gaining consent at a later stage.The "use now and sort out the payment later" principal is said to be daily practice on newspaper picture desks. But in the recent ruling, ...

  • Pinsents and Halliwells link rumoured

    4-Aug-1997

    Pinsent Curtis' name is being linked with Halliwell Landau as a merger partner in Manchester.Since the breakdown of Halliwells' merger talks with fellow Manchester firm Cobbetts last month, the city has been awash with speculation.It is known that prior to the Halliwells/Cobbetts talks, Pinsent Curtis had both firms in line as potential merger partners. With offices in London, Birmingham and Leeds, it has long been looking for a Manchester foothold.

  • Policing for pensioners

    4-Aug-1997

    The Pensions Act, which came into force this week, has been good business for lawyers. A senior one said to me recently that he was no longer embarrassed to tell anyone what he did for a living.Lawyers' profile within the industry is high and, on the whole, they are well respected. Their task, however, did not stop on 6 April. They will have to be vigilant in ensuring that Opra, as well as their clients, stick to the rules. They know that some cases will arise where ...

  • Privatisations

    4-Aug-1997

    Wilde Sapte acted for the Department of the Environment and the Welsh Office in transferring loans made by the Housing Corporation in England and Housing for Wales to a private sector special purpose vehicle Orchardbrook

  • Privatisations

    4-Aug-1997

    McKenna & Co acted for the MoD's Defence Evaluation and Research Agency on the £74m privatisation of its support services division to a management team led by Graham Love and backed by Cinven

  • Property

    4-Aug-1997

    Manches & Co acted for Novembre Properties on its purchase of Salford City Shopping Centre from Land Securities advised by Simmons & Simmons and Hillier Parker. Merita Bank, advised by DJ Freeman, financed the purchase.

  • Property

    4-Aug-1997

    Berwin Leighton acted for Prudential Assurance in the £90m acquisition of The Grafton Centre, Cambridge from Mercury Asset Management and Grosvenor Developments, advised by Nabarro Nathanson.

  • Property

    4-Aug-1997

    Manches & Co acted for Mercury Asset Management on the purchase of a 200,000sqft leisure development to include the UK's largest cinema - Virgin Cinema's 20-screen megaplex - from the Sheffield Development Corporation, advised by Nabarro Nathanson.

  • Property

    7-Aug-1997

    Davies Wallis Foyster advised St Modwen Developments on the £4.25m sale of town centre shopping centre The Gerard Centre, Ashton-in-Makerfield, to Hollins Murray, advised by Addleshaw Booth & Co.

  • Property

    4-Aug-1997

    Boodle Hatfield acted for ELP Properties on its £62m purchase of 40 mainly office and retail properties from General Accident. Rowe & Maw advised General Accident. Six other English law firms were involved.

  • Putting freedom of choice under the knife

    4-Aug-1997

    Court-ordered obstetric intervention is a licence to abuse vulnerable patients and sets a dangerous precedent for future cases of treatment refusal, says Barbara Hewson.In the early hours of 20 February 1997, the Court of Appeal ordered a woman to undergo Caesarean surgery against her will. The reasons for the ruling have just been released.The woman, MB, was not in established labour. Her life was not in danger. Her foetus was in the breech ...

  • Rebuff for firm seeking cloak of anonymity

    7-Aug-1997

    A firm of solicitors is fighting to remain anonymous while it seeks a judicial review of an LAB decision, reports Roger Pearson.An unnamed firm of solicitors is fighting to retain anonymity in a pending court battle.The firm, identified only as "T", has already been engaged in one High Court skirmish in which Mr Justice Kay ruled it is not entitled to anonymity.As a prelude to the action, in which the practice is seeking ...

  • Report points out poor ethnic mix in Scotland

    4-Aug-1997

    Ethnic minorities and women are under represented in the Scottish Criminal Justice system, and no ethnic minorities are represented among the staff of Scotland's prosecution service, according to a government report.The study, published by the Scottish Office last week, concludes "the proportions of women and individuals of ethnic minorities working in criminal justice agencies are lower than their shares of the total workforce, particularly in the more senior positions".

  • Research pays off

    7-Aug-1997

    Barrister Becket Bedford from Birmingham will see several years of research come to fruition this month with the publication of two specialist European law texts.European Travel Law, published by Wiley, and Public Procurement Enforcement and Remedies in Europe, published by Butterworths, have been co-edited by the EU law specialist, who is a tenant at 5 Fountain Court.Bedford collaborated with Alan Tyrell QC, of Francis Taylor Building ...

  • River pollution reconsidered

    7-Aug-1997

    The House of Lords has granted leave for the Empress Car Company (Abertillery) to challenge the High Court's refusal of its appeal against conviction at Tredegar Magistrates Court in 1995 of causing river pollution. Among the questions to be considered by the Law Lords will be whether, under s.85 (1) of the Water Resources Act 1991, a person can be convicted of causing polluting matter to enter controlled waters if it is proved that the polluting material was securely ...

  • Roger Pearson looks at the implications for employers of the £200,000 sexual harassment payout to firefighter Tania Clapton

    4-Aug-1997

    The true cost of sexual harassment has been brought home to employers by a recent award to a woman fire fighter who won a record £200,000 pay-out for the treatment she endured at the hands of male colleagues on the Hereford and Worcester brigade.The final out-of-court settlement for 31-year-old Tania Clayton came at the doors of an industrial tribunal after a protracted and fiercely fought legal battle which began four years ago. But the fact that the matter ended ...

  • Romance at Simmons prompts supremo's exit

    7-Aug-1997

    Simmons & Simmons' experienced marketing supremo Anne-Marie Stebbings is to stand down from her post in order to marry its chief executive, Alun M orris.The firm sent an e-mail to staff last month announcing that Stebbings would be looking for a new position because of her relationship with Morris.Both she and Morris separated from their spouses some time ago. Stebbings said that when she and Morris decided to marry, they discussed with senior partner Bill ...

  • SIB granted public access to Scandex documents

    4-Aug-1997

    The Securities and Investment Board is claiming a rare victory in persuading a High Court judge to allow the public access to court documents in the Scandex trial, which ended last month (26 March).The SIB brought Scandex to court on behalf of investors who had been cold-called by the Danish firm with offers of financial services.The court found that the company's managing director was knowingly concerned in an unauthorised business and ordered Scandex to ...

  • SIF: time to trade in the Rolls Royce?

    7-Aug-1997

    Should the SIF continue with its "socialist" policy of covering every firm or has the time come for those with bad records to pay?The figures say it all. The Solicitors Indemnity Fund now estimates that the total shortfall on all likely claims for the 10 years of its existence has reached £454m. That represents £17,000 per partner in practice in England and Wales.On top of that, just to keep the shortfall stable, the fund has asked the Law Society ...

  • Small firm, but perfectly formed for success

    4-Aug-1997

    Not all lawyers want to be part of a big firm or part of a niche practice. The recruitment of Addleshaw Booth's corporate partner Glenda Turner in February by five-partner general practice Turner Parkinson is a case in point.Turner Parkinson is one firm that has refused to listen to the fashionable message that you should either merge for growth or become a specialist boutique.The Manchester-based practice was conceived 18 months ago by Richard Parkinson, ...

  • Solicitor advocate to join KBW

    7-Aug-1997

    Former Herbert Smith litigation partner and solicitor advocate Julian Wilson is to join 11 King's Bench Walk.He will join the commercial, public and employment law set in September and begin practising after a two-month pupillage.Wilson said he had wanted a new challenge and was hoping to specialise in international commercial work at the Bar.He left Herbert Smith amicably on 31 March after 15 years with the firm - the last seven as a partner.

  • Solicitor who 'broke any law that was convenient' struck off

    4-Aug-1997

    The two partners of East London firm Freeses have been found guilty of misconduct. The charges included overcharging, improper transactions, failing to comply with solicitors' account rules, failing to pay counsels' fees and working without practising certificates.The Solicitors Disciplinary Tribunal found Jonathan Freese of Freeses Solicitors, 44 Artillery Lane, Stepney, guilty of 12 charges and struck him off the Solicitors Roll. He was ordered to pay three quarters ...

  • Students of poverty

    4-Aug-1997

    Trainee solicitors do not have an easy ride into the profession - many bring with them considerable debts from their student days.One in eight respondents to a recent survey carried out by the Trainee Solicitors Group said they had a debt of £10,000 or more, while the average debt was £5,000. One in three law students have to work to pay their way through their Legal Practice Course. Now they are having to justify retaining a minimum salary.

  • Survey highlights wage gap between men and women

    7-Aug-1997

    Women solicitors salaries are paid up to £4,000 less than their male counterparts, according to a Law Society survey.Figures released this week show a £2,340 difference in comparable pay between female and male assistant solicitors.That figure rises to a difference of nearly £4,000 between the earnings of male and female salaried partners.Women solicitors are also less likely to work in the larger and more profitable firms but more ...

  • Survey reveals in-house solicitors are in demand

    7-Aug-1997

    A growing awareness in the corporate sector of the value of in-house solicitors has seen 29 per cent of companies increase the size of their legal departments in the past 12 months.A survey of more than 300 in-house legal departments by recruitment advisers Taylor Root shows a significant jump in the available positions, with 27 per cent of companies planning to recruit extra lawyers in the next 12 months.Yet while demand is high so is the number of solicitors ...

  • Survey shows small firms are losing out

    7-Aug-1997

    Economic recovery is bringing increased profitability to law firms, although the benefits are unevenly spread, according to the sixth Survey in Financial Management in Law Firms.The survey, conducted by Coopers & Lybrand in association with The Lawyer, found that large and medium-sized firms are ahead of small firms in terms of financial performance.Only 71 per cent of firms with up to four partners increased profits in the past year, against 84 per cent of firms ...

  • Survey verdict: could do better

    7-Aug-1997

    Law firms have to do better across the board is the verdict delivered by this year's survey on financial management in law firms.The research, conducted by Coopers & Lybrand for The Lawyer, reveals that despite increased billings per partner and overall profitability, these increases are not as strong as current economic conditions might suggest.The report also points out that despite the lessons of the recession, many law firms have ...

  • Survival of the fittest

    7-Aug-1997

    Agencies have to adapt to succeed in a competitive market, says Fred Mason. Fred Mason co-ordinates the agency department of Charles Russell, Cheltenham. The improvement in the economy is good news for the legal profession as a whole, but it has cast a shadow over agency work.Before the economic upturn, agency practitioners enjoyed a golden period in which mortgage repossession ...

  • Tailoring the silks list

    4-Aug-1997

    Your criticisms of this year's silks list (Leader, 1 April), with only five women and only one new silk from an ethnic minority background, are entirely valid. But just as worrying is the serious under-representation in the list of those who practise from provincial chambers.The most recent Bar Council figures show that a third of all barristers in private practice operate from the provinces (3,052 out of 8,935). Your analysis of the list shows ...

  • Tales of the workplace

    4-Aug-1997

    TV production company Goddess Films would like to hear from readers struggling with the politics of work. We are looking to make a fly-on-the-wall documentary about the challenges and pitfalls of working with other people and about a cross section of office affairs ranging from secret crushes to crushing rivals.Whether you work for a small or large company, or run your own business, if you have a tricky office situation to relate (serious or amusing), we would ...

  • Tax reviewed as self-assessment arrives

    4-Aug-1997

    Firms are gearing up to the tough new self-assessment tax regime as the fiscal year came to an end on 5 April.Many firms have been reviewing their most appropriate year end over the past few months. Those that opted for an accounting period ending on 31 March have 10 months - until 31 January - to finalise accounts and allocate profit shares. Individual partners must then pay the tax due or face sanctions.Firms that chose a period ending 30 April have an extra ...

  • The Lawyer Inquiry: Costas Andrea

    7-Aug-1997

    Costas Andrea was born in London in 1962. He is now principal of Andrea & Co.What was your first job?Shelf-stacker at Sainsburys.What was your first ever salary as a lawyer?£6,000.What would you have done if you hadn't become a lawyer?Pathologist.Which law could you live without?All laws around the world which set limitation dates for personal ...

  • The Lawyer Inquiry: Danielle Kingdon

    4-Aug-1997

    Danielle Kingdon was born in London on 2 August 1965. She is currently an associate at Osborne Clarke, based in its London office, and will be a partner from 1 May. What was your first job?Child actress - I was Laura Ingalls in The Little House on the Prairie.What was your first ever salary as a lawyer?£14,000.

  • The nightmare next door

    4-Aug-1997

    In the 1970s and 1980s the main subject of complaints received by local authorities about council housing was disrepair. Today these problems have largely been overcome, and they have been replaced by the problem of "neighbours from hell".National and regional media have been swift to list complaints of antisocial behaviour by tenants on housing estates.Demands for zero tolerance for offenders, where every person alleged to have committed ...

  • The road to client choice

    4-Aug-1997

    I agree entirely with John Edge (Letters, 25 March) that the profession must recognise "that it is standing at a cross-roads as far as conveyancing is concerned" and that "if the wrong road is chosen, it will prove an unmitigated disaster for high street practitioners".However, I do not think his proposal goes far enough and do not agree that most solicitors want to undertake estate agency personally or agree to steps which increase their ...

  • Top Dutch firms elect to tie the knot in ground-breaking merger

    7-Aug-1997

    LEADING Dutch practices Loeff Claeys Verbeke and Buruma Maris voted to merge last week.When the merger comes into effect on 1 January 1998, the new firm will overtake Nauta Dutilh as the largest firm in Holland with 380 fee earners.Dolf Stuyling de Lange, secretary to the general board at the Loeffs, the largest of the two firms, said a key reason for the merger was the fact that Buruma Maris' headquarters was in The Hague where Loeffs had been looking to ...

  • US firms woo dejected junior barristers

    4-Aug-1997

    Disillusioned junior barristers are being tempted away from the Bar by US firms in London, according to legal recruitment specialists.Seamus Hoare, of London recruitment consultants Quarry Dougall, which is advertising in Counsel magazine, said he has noticed US firms were increasingly attracting barristers.Scott Collins, who joined Wilmer Cutler & Pickering last November, said he had spent a year-and-a-half squatting without funding at Brick Court Chambers, ...

  • US giant scoops UK recruitment firm

    7-Aug-1997

    British legal recruitment firm Badenoch & Clark has been bought by US giant AccuStaff Inc for an estimated £50m. Neither company will reveal the purchase price, but The Lawyer understands it was between £40 and £50m. AccuStaff Inc is the world's fourth largest staffing services company and Badenoch & Clark is its first acquisition outside of North America. Badenoch & Clark managing director Deirdra Moynihan said it had actively been looking for a buyer and the ...

  • Vote Sycamore, says chair

    7-Aug-1997

    Senior partners of City firms and their staff have been urged to vote for Phillip Sycamore as Law Society president by City of London Law Society chair Anthony Pugh-Thomas.In a letter to all senior City partners, Pugh-Thomas recommends Sycamore over his rival Martin Mears, who he infers has damaged the profession's public standing."I appreciate that you may regard it as inappropriate to encourage your staff to vote in any particular way, but I do hope you ...

  • Which? poll highlights mistrust of solicitors

    4-Aug-1997

    Solicitors are not usually the preferred first port of call for people facing legal problems, a survey by consumer magazine Which? has found.Which? surveyed 1,892 people over the age of 15 by personal interview to find out how much they knew about their legal rights and sources of legal advice. This was followed up by a postal questionnaire completed by 531 people. It asked them what they knew about where to go for legal help and what experience they had of seeking such ...

  • Will the law really protect our rights?

    7-Aug-1997

    John Wadham considers the Government's commitment to human rights and compares Canada and New Zealand's methods of incorporating human rights into domestic law. John Wadham is director of civil liberties group Liberty. The Government's proposal to incorporate the European Convention on Human Rights is of constitutional significance. For the first time the right to privacy, fair trial and freedom of expression will be enshrined in domestic law.

  • Workers in search of a watertight case

    4-Aug-1997

    The plight of a group of Swan Hunter workers from Tyneside, made redundant in the wake of the shipbuilding firm getting into difficulty, will be considered by the Law Lords.The case will focus on important points concerning the level of consultation necessary between employers and unions in the run-up to redundancy.The Swan Hunter workers were made redundant by the firm after it went into administrative receivership in 1992, and have been involved ...